|Red Hat Cluster Suite: Configuring and Managing a Cluster|
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Figure 7-2 shows a typical three tiered LVS cluster topology. In this example, the active LVS router routes the requests from the Internet to the pool of real servers. Each of the real servers then accesses a shared data source over the network.
This configuration is ideal for busy FTP servers, where accessible data is stored on a central, highly available server and accessed by each real server via an exported NFS directory or Samba share. This topography is also recommended for websites that access a central, highly available database for transactions. Additionally, using an active-active configuration with Red Hat Cluster Manager, administrators can configure one high-availability cluster to serve both of these roles simultaneously.
The third tier in the above example does not have to use Red Hat Cluster Manager, but failing to use a highly available solution would introduce a critical single point of failure.