|Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4: Installation Guide for the IBM® S/390® and IBM® eServer™ zSeries® Architectures|
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Red Hat Enterprise Linux includes a modification to the way the Linux kernel timer interrupt is handled. Normally, a hardware timer is set to generate periodic interrupts at a fixed rate (100 times a second for most architectures). These periodic timer interrupts are used by the kernel to schedule various internal housekeeping tasks, such as process scheduling, accounting, and maintaining system uptime.
While a timer-based approach works well for a system environment where only one copy of the kernel is running, it can cause additional overhead when many copies of the kernel are running on a single system (for example, as z/VM(R) guests). In these cases, having thousands of copies of the kernel each generating interrupts many times a second can result in excessive system overhead.
Therefore, Red Hat Enterprise Linux now includes the ability to turn off periodic timer interrupts. This is done through the /proc/ file system. To disable periodic timer interrupts, issue the following command:
echo "0" > /proc/sys/kernel/hz_timer
To enable periodic timer interrupts, issue the following command:
echo "1" > /proc/sys/kernel/hz_timer
By default, periodic timer interrupts are enabled.
Periodic timer interrupt states can also be set at boot-time; to do so, add the following line to /etc/sysctl.conf to disable periodic timer interrupts:
kernel.hz_timer = 0
Disabling periodic timer interrupts can violate basic assumptions in system accounting tools. If you notice a malfunction related to system accounting, verify that the malfunction disappears if periodic timer interrupts are enabled, then submit a bug at http://bugzilla.redhat.com/bugzilla/ (for malfunctioning bundled tools), or inform the tool vendor (for malfunctioning third-party tools).